The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) defines “severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:
- sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or
- the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
A victim need not be physically transported from one location to another for the crime to fall within this definition.
The United States Senate designated January 11 as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day in 2007. Beginning in 2010, by Presidential Proclamation, each January has been designated National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month.
Global Statistics on Modern Slavery
According to the 2016 Global Slavery Index,
- An estimated 45.8 million individuals across the globe are currently enslaved
- 58% of those living in slavery are in the 5 countries of
Modern Slavery Statistics in Sub-Saharan Africa Infographic
In Sub-Saharan Africa:
- An estimated 6.25 million individuals are enslaved in Sub-Saharan Africa, making up 13.6% of the total global enslaved population.
- The most common forms of slavery in Sub-Saharan Africa are forced labor and forced marriage
- Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest share of child trafficking in the world.
- The main causes of modern slavery in Sub-Saharan Africa are
- Economy: poor economic conditions
- Violence: violent conflict and territorial displacement
- Crisis: humanitarian and environmental crisis.
- The countries with the highest rates of modern slavery in Sub-Saharan Africa are:
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- South Sudan
Modern Slavery numbers in the countries ASEC serves
Cameroon (20 = global ranking)
Total # enslaved: 146,100 (.63% of population)
Total # enslaved: 103,300 (.38% of population)
Total # enslaved: 188,800 (.41% of population)
Total # enslaved: 14,400 (.67% of population)
Total # enslaved: 116,100 (.67% of population)
Total # enslaved: 875,000 (.48% of population)
South Sudan (6)
Total # enslaved: 139,400 (1.13% of population)
Total # enslaved: 341,400 (.64% of population)
Total # enslaved: 244,400 (.63% of population)
Total # enslaved: 109,300 (.67% of population)
Stories from Catholic Sisters in Africa
Sr. Victoria Zimba, Sisters of the Holy Rosary, SLDI Aluma, Malawi says she would have never known about human trafficking without attending a session prepared by our ASEC Coordinator in Malawi last year. Because of this knowledge, some girls have been rescued from this horrible fate.
Sr. Vanaja and her organization identify Cameroonian trafficking victims in the Middle East and bring them home. On June 27, 2017, Sr. Vanaja received an award in recognition of her unrelenting efforts to combat modern slavery.